Individual Health Care Open Enrollment for 2019

The open enrollment period for 2019 health insurance coverage through marketplaces and other individual plans has started.  Most consumers will access coverage through the federal marketplace at Open enrollment ends on December 15 except for a few states that operate their own marketplace such as California, Colorado, District of Columbia, Massachussetts, Minnesota, New York and Rhode Island. Residents of these states should check the deadline with their marketplace to see if they have an extended enrollment period.  

Learn more about the basics of health insurance and what you need to know to enroll through the marketplace.

What to Look for

If your plan is no longer available in 2019, you should receive a notice from your insurer and from the Marketplace. Even if your plan is continuing, it pays to shop and check whether the doctors or hospitals your family uses are in the plan networks.

If you’re looking for a new plan, there are four categories of health insurance plans to choose from on the Marketplace (Bronze, Silver, Gold and Platinum). They’re broken up by how costs are shared between you and your insurer. A fifth category, Catastrophic, is available for consumers under 30 years of age or who face a hardship in accessing the other plans. Learn more about the different plans and network types.

What’s New for 2019

  • There will not be a penalty for not having minimum essential coverage. Before, consumers would pay a penalty if they were not enrolled in a health plan. Starting Jan. 1, 2019, that tax penalty will be reduced to nothing. If you don’t have major medical health insurance for the 2019 coverage year, you’ll be on your own for major health care costs, but you won’t be penalized at tax time.
  • Short-term, limited duration options may offer lower premiums, but they won’t cover as much. Short-term, limited duration insurance is not available through the Marketplaces, but you may see it offered elsewhere. It allows for coverage to fill temporary coverage gaps. While they’re typically cheaper than the Marketplace and other individual market health plans, there are usually limited benefits, broader exclusions and higher levels of consumer cost-sharing. Before signing up for a short-term plan, it’s important to think through what health care services you and your family may need and check whether those services are covered.
  • There will be more direct enrollment options. This means you might sign up for a Marketplace plan even without visiting You might use an insurer’s website or a third-party website. These sites might offer you other types of coverage too, so look closely to know what you’re buying. Remember, you can always use or your state’s Marketplace if you want to be sure to get the protections of the Marketplace plans.

Source: National Association of Insurance Commissioners

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